Many ancient standing stone monuments were erected during the prehistoric period, amongst the best known are Stonehenge, Devil’s Arrows, Rudston Monolith and Castlerigg. With the introduction of Ancient Roman architecture was not a development of basilicas, baths, amphitheaters, triumphal arches, villas, Roman temples, Roman roads, Roman forts, stockades and aqueducts. It was the Romans who founded the first cities and towns such as London, Bath, York, Chester and St Albans. Perhaps the best known example is Hadrian’s Wall, which covers all of northern England. Another well preserved example is the Roman Baths in Somerset Bathy. The first civil buildings of medieval architecture were simple constructions mainly using timber with thatch. Ecclesiastical architecture ranged from a synthesis of monastic life to the Hiberno-Saxon. Early Christian basilica and architecture characterized by pilaster strips, blank arcading, baluster shafts and triangular openings in the head. After the Norman conquest in 1066 various Castles in England were created to law lords, who maintained their authority and in the north, protected from invasion. Some of the best known medieval castles include the Tower of London, Warwick Castle, Durham Castle and Windsor Castle, among others.
During the Gothic period, flourished medieval cathedrals such as Canterbury Cathedral, Westminster Abbey and Yorkminster, as prime examples. The expansion of the Norman base there was also castles, palaces, great houses, universities and parish churches. Medieval architecture was completed with the sixteenth century Tudor style, four-centered arch, now known as the Tudor arch. It was a function definition like the houses of adobe and mud in the country. Following the Renaissance a form of architecture echoing classical antiquity, synthesized with Christianity. Appeared the English Baroque style, architect Christopher Wren in the main representative. Georgian architecture followed in a more refined, evoking a simple Palladian, the Royal Crescent at Bath is one of the best examples of this. With the emergence of romanticism during Victorian times a Neo Gothic was launched, in addition to all this at the same time the Industrial Revolution paved the way for buildings such as The Crystal Palace. Since the 1930s various modernist forms have appeared whose reception is often controversial, though traditionalist resistance.