Austria, in the past as a great European power and its cultural environment have generated an indispensable huge contribution to European culture through various forms of art, especially in music. Vienna was from the late eighteenth century until the First World War, the cultural capital of Europe (second only to Paris).
Austria has been the birthplace of many famous composers such as Gluck, Mozart, Haydn, Schubert, Bruckner, Wolf, Johann Strauss father, Johann Strauss Jr. yMahler as well as members of the Second Viennese School such as Schoenberg, Anton von Webern , Alexander von Zemlinsky, Siegmund von Hausegger and Berg. Vienna has long been an important center of musical innovation. In the eighteenth and nineteenth century, the city attracted great composers due to the patronage of the Habsburgs (Beethoven, Carl Maria von Weber, Brahms …). Slavs and Hungarians (subjects of the empire) also influenced the music of Austria (Franz Liszt, Franz Lehár, Smetana, Dvořák, Bartók Béla …).
Vienna State Opera
The current national anthem of Austria, called Bundeshymne (Federal Hymn) was chosen after World War II to replace the traditional Austrian anthem composed by Joseph Haydn (“Kaiserlied”). It was written by Paula von Preradovic, adapting the tune of “Laßt uns mit geschlung’nen Händen” (Small cantata Masonic) composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart on November 17, 1791. It was made official in 1947.
Austria has also produced a notable jazz musician, pianist Josef Zawinul. Falco, acclaimed rock and pop musician, became one of the most famous artists of the new wave in the eighties, especially for his song “Rock Me Amadeus” dedicated to Mozart.
Art and architecture
Among the artists and architects from Austria are the painters Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller, Rudolf von Alt, Hans Makart, Gustav Klimt, Oskar Kokoschka, Egon Schiele, Carl Moll, and Friedensreich Hundertwasser, the photographers Inge Morath and Ernst Haas, and architects Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, Otto Wagner, Adolf Loos, and Hans Hollein (winner of the Pritzker Prize in 1985).